Learning Disability is a wide term used by teachers and therapists to describe the different types of learning difficulties that may affect how a child learns.
Listed below are some very general guidelines of the specific types of learning difficulties. However in order to diagnose, a professional assessment must be undertaken in order to achieve an accurate diagnosis.
Reading and reading comprehension are two broad categories into which dyslexia is often included.
Language comprehension, receptive and expressive language are both language disorders and affect all areas of understanding and recording language.
- Writing disorders can be known as dysgraphia.
- Disorders in Maths and higher order maths are often termed dyscalculia.
- Other problems may include concentration and memory.
- Auditory and/or visual perceptual difficulties.
- Visual and auditory difficulties.
Most children will have difficulty absorbing information at sometime, but this is not always a symptom of learning disabilities. In fact, struggling with new material is a normal part of the learning and not necessarily a symptom of a learning disability.
Some learning struggles are beneficial to learners. There are times when additional effort is required to complete challenging tasks can strengthen problem solving skills, increase comprehension, and sustain the focus necessary to improve long-term memory.
However if developmental delays have been ruled out and teachers have provided the necessary intervention and extra assistance and still there is no improvement over time then it may become necessary to investigate further.
Learning Disabilities Symptoms
Some learning disability symptoms may include:
- Poor grades despite significant hard work
- Consistent guidance to achieve
- Comprehension of problem solving and the logic involved in higher order learning
- Poor memory for spoken and written tasks, skills and facts
- Language processing
- Frustration with school and homework
- Self esteem
- Low frustration thresh hold.
- Boredom and carelessness
- Sloppy, badly completed work
- Slow responses
- Headaches, stomach aches and no friends